Taiwan Internet Development for Education
Dr. Nian-Shing Chen
Department of Informational Management
National Sun Yat-sen University
Director Lih-Shang Chen
Computer Center, Ministry of Education
1. International and Domestic Backbone Links of the three Major ISPs
|HiNet - TANet
||45 Mbps DS3x1, DS1x2
2 Domain, Host and Server Count
2.1 Registered Domain Name Distribution under .tw
2.2 Internet Host Count
2.3 Internet Server Count
Internet Server Distribution (87/6/1)
3 Computer Education Development
3.1 Number of Schools, with Computer Labs and with Internet Access
|Senior High School
|Junior High School
3.2. Future Plan
|Senior High School
|Junior High School
Time and distance are no longer barriers to the flow
of information as a result of the fast growing information science such
as networks and multimedia technology. Today, people are able to retrieve,
process, and apply information in a very different fashion. This change
has brought profound impacts at the individual, national, and even international
level. Knowledge about information technology and basic skills to utilize
these new tools have become fundamental to all citizens. Countries around
the world have recognized the importance of information technology in improving
their competitiveness in the global market. Therefore, to promote information
education is essential in preparing for the coming information age. Nevertheless,
education can also benefit from modern information technology. By employing
information technology, education can be more flexible, more internationalized,
more people-oriented and more delicate. For instance, through networks,
teaching materials are no longer limited to books. They can be gathered
from beyond national borders. A smoother communication channel facilitates
exchanges of information and consequently will direct education to meet
the needs of the new environment.
The goals of student-oriented and life-long education
can be only realized with a well-established information infrastructure.
With a strong information infrastructure, both the quality and quantity
of education will be improved. Information education, in this aspect, is
really the prerequisite to the success of important projects to increase
the competitiveness of the country, such as the National Information Infrastructure
(NII) of R.O.C. and the Asian Pacific regional Operation Center (APROC).
Since the ever-changing information technology will affect
deeply how people work, live, and think, we are now more eager to explore
new information and more anxious to learn to use these new tools. Therefore,
how to establish a life-long education system to prepare all citizens and
the society as a whole for the information age presents an important task
to be completed.
In order to complete this mission, the Ministry of Education
has established the following goals:
To promote an information education infrastructure for all citizens to
prepare for an information society.
To facilitate networks in teaching, research and administration to improve
the efficiency and quality of performance.
To apply information technology to enhance teaching methods.
To promote distance learning and its applications to diversify learning
To establish a Social Education Information Network for life-long learning.
To train expertise for the National Information Infrastructure (NII) project.
5. Major Activities
New platforms such as computer-aided teaching and
distance teaching have made consolidating and sharing teaching materials
a simple matter. With these new tools, teaching methods and materials
now can be more personalized. Students are able to choose courses
and learning methods tailored to their needs. Therefore, education
reforms should not only change teaching materials and teaching methods,
they must also include the extension of learning channels. Learning
will no longer be a one-way street. Students will play a more active
role while teachers change from their traditional role of knowledge providers
to become assistants in the self-motivated learning process.
In other words,
education reforms are to change the learning environment,
the learning process and the whole attitude. In order to reach these
goals, the Ministry of Education has established the following tasks:
To consolidate teaching resources, to improve teachers' information technology knowledge, and to revise course standards of information education.
1). To establish national and county information education
material and teaching software centers: To promote digitizing teaching
plans, to construct electronic databases for all courses, and to facilitate
prompt exchanges of teaching materials through networks.
To upgrade hardware facilities of all schools and to update information
education guidelines: To subsidize the establishment of computer rooms
and networks of all schools.As of the end of 1997,
all schools except elementary schools have established computer rooms.
It is targeted that all elementary schools will have computer rooms by
3). To subsidize major computer-aided teaching
schools and county network hub schools: to promote use of laptop computers
in non-computerized classrooms and to pursue the long-term goal of computers
in all classrooms.
4). To implement "The Guidelines
of Resource-Sharing between Elementary Schools and Local Communities" to
utilize local facilities for information education.
To revise information education standards to ensure continuity and consistency:
Starting the 1998 school year, computer courses are required in junior
high school and elective in elementary school.
To design application-oriented courses such as computer-aided teaching,
network application, network management, and introduction to information
system in order to provide on-the-job training for teachers: Between the
1989 and 1997 school years, 37% of all teachers have completed training
courses administrated by national Taiwan Normal University and Chung-Hsing
University. Teachers are also encouraged to participate in related
extension courses offered by universities and the private sector.
It is estimated that by 2001, all teachers will have sufficient basic knowledge
of information technology. Information education is also emphasized
in normal universities to prepare future teachers for the information age.
To establish organizations such as Information Education Committee and
Taiwan Academic Network Management Committee to plan and implement information
education: Members of these committees consist of representatives
of relevant government agencies, the academia, schools and the information
industry. The difference in the development of information education
at the nation and local level must be recognized.
To establish a proper education information infrastructure
in order to deepen the root of the Taiwan Academic Network.
1). To extend the Taiwan Academic Network to all levels
of schools for students' easy access: Currently, all colleges and universities
are connected. It is scheduled that all senior high schools, vocational
and junior high schools and elementary schools will have access to the
Network by 1998, 1999, and 2001 respectively.
2). To improve the operation of county education network
hubs: To establish computer network experimental schools, and to facilitate
information exchange and resource sharing between urban and rural areas.
3). To apply network applications to daily life: To hold
network application competitions for junior high school and elementary
school students and web page design competitions.
4). To provide a healthy network environment by promoting
intellectual property rights, network ethics, network safety, and network
5). To increase the band width of the back bond of information
network: To promote information exchanges at the international level, to
introduce Chinese culture to the world through Internet, and to improve
the quality of the Taiwan Academic Network through international distance
teaching and video conferences.
6). To hold seminars and symposiums on network applications
such as wireless communication and high speed networks at local communities
and cultural centers.
To facilitate digitization of education administration data
in order to retain efficient education administration: The purpose of this
task is to promptly provide information to teachers, students, parents,
researchers, and decision -makers. The following projects are to
be completed in several phases: electronic data exchange of official documents,
consolidation of the school administration coding systems, consolidation
of education statistics, consolidation of personnel information, consolidation
of accounting, digitization of reports to the Ministry of Education, and
establishment of school administration guidelines. Administrative
efficiency is expected to be greatly improved upon the completion of these
To improve teaching methods by utilizing computers and computer-aided
1). To emphasize inclusion of information technology
in all disciplines: To promote the concept of utilizing multimedia computers
and networks in course designs to familiarize students with information
technology at early ages.
2). To diversify course materials with information technology
as to promote self-motivated learning: The Ministry of Education has completed
several series of multimedia teaching software to facilitate better uses
of teaching resources and to improve teaching methods. These series
includes an introduction to the Nature for elementary school, basic Chinese
for the deaf, hair dressing and bakery for junior high school vocational
courses. Recent projects aim to utilize materials from the World
Wide Web in order to advocate interactive and self-motivated teaching methods.
3). To establish the "Golden Learning Award" to encourage
the development of computer-aided teaching software: To consolidate efforts
of government, academia, and industry to engage in the research of computer-aided teaching software.
4). To promote computer-aided teaching through demonstrations,
exhibitions and seminars.
To facilitate distance teaching and diversified learning
1). To establish "Guidelines for Experimental Distance
Teaching Courses" to encourage colleges and universities to provide distance
teaching courses: As of the 1997 school year, 71 colleges and universities
are offering distance teaching courses. Students can choose courses
from all participating schools and therefore sharing all available resources.
2). To establish distance teaching programs with distinguished
colleges and universities around the world to provide an international
learning environment and to experiment distance teaching among high schools
in urban and rural areas in order to minimize the difference of available
teaching resources in these areas.
3). To continue improving distance teaching tools by
introducing advanced technology from around the world and to establish
new applications such as distance teaching library and distance hospital.
4). To develop teaching materials that can be used for
distance teaching: To use these materials to facilitate the development
of special education and social education in order to provide a high-quality
and diversified learning environment for all citizens.
5). To provide custom designed distance learning courses
to teachers, government officials and the private sector through the Unified
Distance Teaching Service Center with the goal of building a Life-Long
6). To produce pamphlets and videotapes and to hold exhibitions
to promote public participation in new applications of distance teaching
and life-long learning for the 21 century.
7). To consolidate distance teaching resources by assembling
a literature of distance teaching researches and to upload the information
to the Internet for public use, also to establish laws and regulations
to encourage the private sector's participation in teaching materials research
To establish social education information networks to facilitate
1). To begin computerizing and networking all social
education agencies of the Ministry of Education: To promote intranets for
county social education agencies and to connect to the Taiwan Academic
Network to establish a national social education information network.
2). To improve life-long learning by producing social
and adult education materials in the forms of network publication and CD-ROM
through producing theme network materials such as virtual museum and cultural
3). To provide students and citizens with live programs
through a real-time broadcasting system on the Internet.
4). To provide network and library services for the blind
by establishing special computer systems in social education agencies throughout
5). To establish a national social education database:
All social education agencies of the Ministry of Education will establish
databases of their services. A database for cross-reference will
To facilitate NII education and to provide personnel training
1). To cooperate with the academia and the private sector
to introduce teaching materials of the key technologies to the development
of NII and APROC.
2). To study the impacts of NII on the society and culture
and to prevent negative impacts.
3). To gather information on the development of NII around
the world and to provide training courses of NII to all citizens.
4). To develop courses of distance teaching, network
management, and advanced multimedia to train NII expertise.
The above are major information education reform tasks.
Completion of these tasks will prepare all citizens for the information